BERRY BROS. FIREWOOD CO.
602-244-0000
Serving the Southwest Since 1974

Wood Types


please scroll down to see the descriptions of our wood types
(Please remember: Firewood is a seasonal product, not all types may be available, we will try our best to give you what you want)



ROCK PINE
RED GUM
PINE
PINYON
SHAGGY JUNIPER
CITRUS
MIXED HARDWOOD
ALLIGATOR JUNIPER
MESQUITE
PECAN
OAK
HICKORY
APPLE
PISTACHIO
ALMOND
GRAPE
ALDER
CHERRY
OLIVE
WALNUT






PINE 
COMMON NAME: PINE (PONDEROSA PINE)
 LATIN NAME: Pinus ponderosa  



BRIEF DESCRIPTION: The most common pine in Arizona, should not be burned indoors except as kindling. Great for bonfires, OK for camping.
We typically don't stock this type of wood.


MAIN USES: As a pleasant fast burning outdoor firewood.


EASE OF LIGHTING: Very easy to light.


CLEAN TO HANDLE: Clean bark and clean to handle.


CLEAN TO BURN: Puts off more creosote than most wood types, can clog flues within one season, chimney fire hazard when burning indoors.


LENGTH OF BURN: One of the fastest burning wood types available, great starter wood.


HEAT OUTPUT: Very low BTU output, usually not used for heating.


AROMA: Has a very pleasant Pine scent.


CRACKLE/POP: Can be somewhat explosive with popping.


SMOKE: Can be very sooty and smoky.


COAL BED: No useable coal bed.


EASE TO SPLIT: Can be tricky to split. Best split when bone dry.










PIÑYON 
COMMON NAME: PINYON (PINYON PINE, MEXICAN PINYON)
 LATIN NAME: Pinus cembrioides  



BRIEF DESCRIPTION: Long burning Pine, known for it's "Santa Fe" smell. Important note: 
!!!Pinyon has been adversely affected by the prolonged drought, it is now super smoky and no longer recommended until further notice!!! 
We currently will not bring in Pinyon for sale. 


MAIN USES: Burned mostly outdoors for its aroma and ambiance.


EASE OF LIGHTING: Harder to light than most pines but easier than hardwoods.


CLEAN TO HANDLE: Clean to handle but can be sticky or sappy even when seasoned.


CLEAN TO BURN: One of the smokiest burning woods. (Since the drought began the cellular structure of the Pinyons in Arizona has changed for the worse, the wood has gotten to be so smoky and we get complaints about it, that in turn we decided to no longer offer it as a wood type for sale)


LENGTH OF BURN: Burns longer than most Pines and Alligator Juniper but not as long as Shaggy Juniper or hard woods


HEAT OUTPUT: It burns relatively hot, BTU output is medium.


AROMA: Distinctive "Santa Fe" smell, might be a little strong for some.


CRACKLE/POP: Very little crackle and popping.


SMOKE: One of the smokiest woods to burn. Smoke can be very heavy and black.


COAL BED: It does not produce a great coal bed.


EASE TO SPLIT: It splits fairly easy by hand.










SHAGGY JUNIPER 
COMMON NAME: SHAGGY JUNIPER (UTAH JUNIPER)
 LATIN NAME:   Juniperus osteosperma 



BRIEF DESCRIPTION: SHAGGY JUNIPER is also called Cedar and is often confused for Mesquite. The Junipers are the most popular wood types to burn in Arizona.
Currently we only carry the Alligator Juniper.
Cu

MAIN USES: Second choice for ambiance (Alligator Juniper is first), excellent choice for mixing with a hardwood. Best wood for camping and outdoor burning. Great in Chimeneas.


EASE OF LIGHTING: It is easy to light, the messy bark acts as kindling.


CLEAN TO HANDLE: It has a very messy bark.


CLEAN TO BURN: It burns relatively clean, better than most soft woods and not quite as good as hardwoods.


LENGTH OF BURN: It burns as long as most hardwoods and longer than most softwood.


HEAT OUTPUT: It burns relatively hot BTU output is like an eastern Oak.


AROMA: Next to Alligator Juniper it has the best aroma of all the wood types. A few Arizona Resorts burn Shaggy Juniper, most resorts burn the Alligator Juniper!


CRACKLE/POP: It crackles and pops more than any hardwood but not as much as any softwood.


SMOKE: With proper seasoning and ignition it burns relatively clean. 


COAL BED: It does not produce a great coal bed but it works great for camping.


EASE TO SPLIT: This is one of the easiest woods to split.












CITRUS 
COMMON NAME: CITRUS (ORANGE, GRAPEFRUIT, LEMON, TANGERINE)
 LATIN NAME: Citrus  



BRIEF DESCRIPTION: A once common and very popular, clean burning firewood, it is getting increasingly difficult to find.
We occasionally carry Citrus.
We

MAIN USES: A good all-around firewood. Preferred by people with allergies.


EASE OF LIGHTING: Relatively easy to start for a hardwood. Kindling is advised.


CLEAN TO HANDLE: Very clean to handle, usually without bark.


CLEAN TO BURN: One of the cleanest burning woods available.


LENGTH OF BURN: Burns longer than most softwoods and not as long as the better hardwoods.


HEAT OUTPUT: It has a moderate heat output, not one of the hotter hardwoods.


AROMA: When burning properly, the aroma is very, very light.


CRACKLE/POP: Virtually no popping or crackle.


SMOKE: When burning properly there is almost no smoke.


COAL BED: Moderate coal bed, burns to a powdery ash.


EASE TO SPLIT: Not very hard to split by hand.












MIXED HARDWOOD 
COMMON NAME: MIXED HARDWOODS (HDMX)
 LATIN NAME:   ASSORTED 


BRIEF DESCRIPTION: Any non-descript hardwood such as Ash, Carob, Eucalyptus, Citrus ETC.


MAIN USES: Longer, cleaner burning fires and heating.


EASE OF LIGHTING: Typically needs kindling.


CLEAN TO HANDLE: Usually clean to handle.


CLEAN TO BURN: Like most hardwoods these burn clean if seasoned properly.


LENGTH OF BURN: Burns longer than softwoods.


HEAT OUTPUT: Usually high heat output.


AROMA: Typically not too fragrant.


CRACKLE/POP: Usually no popping or crackle.


SMOKE: Very little if any when lit properly.


COAL BED: Usually a nice bed of coals.


EASE TO SPLIT: typically hard to split by hand.











ALLIGATOR JUNIPER 
COMMON NAME: ALLIGATOR JUNIPER
 LATIN NAME:   Juniperus deppeana 



BRIEF DESCRIPTION: ALLIGATOR JUNIPER bark on a mature tree resembles the thick square scales of an alligator hide. Sometimes mistakenly called Cedar. Best aroma of any wood available.


MAIN USES: The most popular Firewood in Arizona! Preferred for its great aroma and clean bark, 
 best when mixed with quality hardwood. 


EASE OF LIGHTING: It is very easy to light when seasoned properly.


CLEAN TO HANDLE: It is very clean to handle, clean or no bark. 


CLEAN TO BURN: It burns relatively clean, better than most soft woods and not quite as good as hardwoods.


LENGTH OF BURN: It burns longer than Pine but faster than most hardwoods.


HEAT OUTPUT: Generally not used for heating low BTU output. Perfect fireplace wood for the Scottsdale/Phoenix area!


AROMA: The best aroma of any wood available.


CRACKLE/POP: Crackles and pops as much or more than any other wood type.


SMOKE: With proper seasoning and ignition it burns relatively clean. 


COAL BED: It does not produce a great coal bed.


EASE TO SPLIT: This is one of the easiest woods to split.












MESQUITE 
COMMON NAME: MESQUITE 
 LATIN NAME: Prosopis  



BRIEF DESCRIPTION: Highly romanticized southwestern hardwood, used primarily for pit BBQs, Resorts burn  Juniper and mistakenly call it Mesquite. 


MAIN USES: Great for heating and cooking.


EASE OF LIGHTING: Can be difficult to light by itself, use kindling. Best in fireplace when mixed with Juniper.


CLEAN TO HANDLE: Can be messy, usually dusty, contains insect holes that drop sawdust.


CLEAN TO BURN: When properly lit, it burns extremely clean.


LENGTH OF BURN: Burns relatively fast into a great coal bed.


HEAT OUTPUT: Super high heat output, one of the hottest woods to burn.


AROMA: Distinctive aroma, but not as fragrant as the Junipers or Pinyon. Can be a stinker when wood is green.


CRACKLE/POP: Very little crackle and usually no popping.


SMOKE: Virtually no smoke when burning properly.


COAL BED: Makes the best coal bed of any hardwood.


EASE TO SPLIT: Can be very difficult to split by hand, Mesquite typically grows very twisted and crooked.











PECAN 
COMMON NAME: PECAN (PECAN HICKORY, DOMESTICATED HICKORY)
 LATIN NAME: Carya illinoensis  



BRIEF DESCRIPTION: Like its wild cousin Hickory, Pecan is a great cooking and heating wood, it is one of the densest "Nut Woods".


MAIN USES: Used primarily for heating and cooking. Wins more BBQ championships than any other wood type.


EASE OF LIGHTING: Can be difficult to light, needs kindling. Best if burned with a Juniper.


CLEAN TO HANDLE: Very clean bark and very clean to handle.


CLEAN TO BURN: It is one of the cleanest of all wood types to burn.


LENGTH OF BURN: Burns very long.


HEAT OUTPUT: Very high heat output, compare with Mesquite and Oak.


AROMA: Pleasant, not too strong aroma, preferred by people with allergies.


CRACKLE/POP: Virtually no popping or crackle.


SMOKE: If burning properly there is little if any smoke.


COAL BED: Makes a great bed of coals.


EASE TO SPLIT: One of the hardest woods to split, don't even attempt by hand.












OAK 
COMMON NAME: OAK
 LATIN NAME: Quercus 



BRIEF DESCRIPTION: A "Nut Wood". Southwestern Oaks are typically the densest of all Oaks, locally available Oak types include: Arizona White Oak, Live Oak, Blackjack Oak, Gamble Oak and Emory Oak to name a few. (Most Arizona Oaks are of the RED OAK types).


MAIN USES: Used primarily for cooking and heating.


EASE OF LIGHTING: Oak can be one of the hardest woods to get burning properly, it has a tendency to smolder, should be turned  occasionally. 


CLEAN TO HANDLE: It is a relatively "clean to handle" wood.


CLEAN TO BURN: If lit properly and fire tended to occasionally it can burn very clean, if not, it may smolder, burn with a juniper for best results.


LENGTH OF BURN: One of the longest burning woods.


HEAT OUTPUT: It burns very hot.


AROMA: Smells like a great cookout only not as strong.


CRACKLE/POP: Virtually no popping or crackle.


SMOKE: Very clean when burning properly, smoky when not lit correctly.


COAL BED: Makes a great bed of coals.


EASE TO SPLIT: Can be hard to split by hand.











HICKORY 
COMMON NAME: HICKORY, PECAN, PECAN/HICKORY, (WILD HICKORY)
  LATIN NAME:   Carya 



BRIEF DESCRIPTION: Very dense hardwood in the same family as Pecan. (Pecan is actually a variety of Hickory, if you read the bottom of many Hickory retail bags, it will be described as "nogal americano" which means Pecan!


MAIN USES: In Arizona it is used primarily in Smokers.


EASE OF LIGHTING: Very hard to light.


CLEAN TO HANDLE: Very clean to handle.


CLEAN TO BURN: Very clean to burn.


LENGTH OF BURN: Very long burning, see Pecan.


HEAT OUTPUT: Very high heat output, compare with Pecan,  Mesquite and Oak. 


AROMA: Very good for smoking meats.


CRACKLE/POP: No crackle and popping.


SMOKE: Very light smoke.


COAL BED: Very good coal bed.


EASE TO SPLIT: Very hard to split by hand.











APPLE 
WOOD TYPE, COMMON NAME: APPLE
 LATIN NAME: Malus domestica, in the rose family (Rosaceae) 


BRIEF DESCRIPTION: A fruit wood 


MAIN USES: Smoking, Cooking, Heating


EASE OF LIGHTING: Compared to other hardwoods it is much easier


CLEAN TO HANDLE: A very clean to handle wood


CLEAN TO BURN: One of the cleanest burning wood types


LENGTH OF BURN: A faster burning hardwood


HEAT OUTPUT:  Very high BTU's in a short period of time


AROMA: Subtle, great for smoking meat!


CRACKLE/POP: No noticeable 


SMOKE: Properly combusting, virtually no smoke


COAL BED: Nice hardwood coal bed


EASE TO SPLIT: Can be split by hand










PISTACHIO 
COMMON NAME: PISTACHIO
 LATIN NAME:  (Pistacia vera L., Anacardiaceae) 


BRIEF DESCRIPTION: Another superb nutwood mainly used for cooking and smoking! Very hard to find, comes primarily from experimental orchards now almost all gone.


MAIN USES: Smokers, grills, pizza ovens


EASE OF LIGHTING: Hard to light


CLEAN TO HANDLE: Very clean to handle


CLEAN TO BURN: One of the cleanest burning wood types


LENGTH OF BURN: A longer burning hardwood


HEAT OUTPUT: Very high BTU's


AROMA: Subtle, great in smokers


CRACKLE/POP: None


SMOKE: None when lit properly


COAL BED: Super, one of the best


EASE TO SPLIT: Don't try this at home










ALMOND 
COMMON NAME: ALMOND
 LATIN NAME:   Prunus dulcis 



BRIEF DESCRIPTION: A Northern California nutwood, 
 very good for cooking and smoking, compare to Hickory, Oak and Pecan, rarely available 


MAIN USES: Smokers, grills, pizza ovens


EASE OF LIGHTING: Hard to light


CLEAN TO HANDLE: Very clean to handle


CLEAN TO BURN: One of the cleanest burning wood types


LENGTH OF BURN: A longer burning hardwood, compare to Oak


HEAT OUTPUT: Very high BTU's


AROMA: Subtle, great in smokers


CRACKLE/POP: None


SMOKE: Very light smoke.


COAL BED: Makes a great bed of coals


EASE TO SPLIT: Don't try this at home










GRAPE 
COMMON NAME: GRAPE, GRAPE VINE
 LATIN NAME:   Vitis vinifera 



BRIEF DESCRIPTION: Rare in usable sizes,
  a super coal producing cooking wood, compare with the best Mesquite varieties 


MAIN USES: Cooking, charcoal, heating


EASE OF LIGHTING: Start it like charcoal, hard to light


CLEAN TO HANDLE: Clean


CLEAN TO BURN: Very clean burning


LENGTH OF BURN: Super long burning


HEAT OUTPUT: Very high BTU


AROMA: Subtle


CRACKLE/POP: None


SMOKE: Slight


COAL BED: The best we've tested!!!


EASE TO SPLIT: Don't try this at home












ALDER 
COMMON NAME:  ALDER
 LATIN NAME:   Alnus glutinosa 


BRIEF DESCRIPTION: A faster burning hardwood 


MAIN USES: Primarily used for smoking seafood


EASE OF LIGHTING: Easy


CLEAN TO HANDLE: Very clean


CLEAN TO BURN: Super clean burning


LENGTH OF BURN: Fast burning hardwood, one of the fastest, Junipers burn longer


HEAT OUTPUT: High heat, short time period


AROMA: Nice, for cooking not too strong


CRACKLE/POP: Virtually none


SMOKE: Slight


COAL BED: Poor


EASE TO SPLIT: Very easy










CHERRY 
 COMMON NAME: CHERRY, WILD CHERRY, BLACK CHERRY...ETC.
 LATIN NAME:   Prunus Avium 



BRIEF DESCRIPTION: Hard to find in Arizona, occasionally wild variety from Apache Indian reservation


MAIN USES: Smokers


EASE OF LIGHTING: Medium


CLEAN TO HANDLE: Very clean


CLEAN TO BURN: Super clean burning


LENGTH OF BURN: Medium long not as long as the nutwoods


HEAT OUTPUT: High heat


AROMA: Subtle


CRACKLE/POP: None


SMOKE: Very slight


COAL BED: Medium, typically not used as coal wood


EASE TO SPLIT: Fair











OLIVE 
COMMON NAME: OLIVE, OLIVO
 LATIN NAME:   Olea europaea 



BRIEF DESCRIPTION: A slow growing, dense hardwood, compare to the best nutwoods!


MAIN USES: Cooking, charcoal, heating, Pizza ovens


EASE OF LIGHTING: Hard to light


CLEAN TO HANDLE: Very clean


CLEAN TO BURN: Very clean


LENGTH OF BURN: Very long, compare to Oak


HEAT OUTPUT: High BTU's compare with better nutwoods


AROMA: Subtle


CRACKLE/POP: None


SMOKE: Slight


COAL BED: One of the best, better than Mesquite


EASE TO SPLIT: Hard to split













WALNUT 
COMMON NAME: WALNUT, BLACK WALNUT, WHITE WALNUT
 LATIN NAME:  Juglans nigra 




 BRIEF DESCRIPTION: White Walnut from Northern California 
 is the best for cooking, compared to the Black Walnut from back East 


MAIN USES: Cooking, heating


EASE OF LIGHTING: Medium


CLEAN TO HANDLE: Very clean


CLEAN TO BURN: Very clean


LENGTH OF BURN: Medium long a faster burning hardwood


HEAT OUTPUT: High BTU


AROMA: Subtle


CRACKLE/POP: None


SMOKE: Slight to heavy


COAL BED: Fair


EASE TO SPLIT: Not one of the hardest













ROCK PINE 
COMMON NAME: Aleppo, Medditeranian Rock Pine, Elderica 
 LATIN NAME: (Pinus halepensis)   




 BRIEF DESCRIPTION: A pine native to the Mediterranean region. The range extends from Morocco and Spain north to southern France, Italy and Croatia, and east to Greece and northern Libya, with an outlying population (from which it was first described) in Syria (including Aleppo), Jordan and Israel. It is generally found at low altitudes, mostly from sea level to 200 m, but can grow at an altitude of up to 1000 m in southern Spain, and up to 1700 m in the south, in Morocco and Algeria, has adapted well in Arizona, where it is used for landscaping and Firewood. 


MAIN USES: Timber, Heating and Firewood


EASE OF LIGHTING: Easy


CLEAN TO HANDLE: Very clean


CLEAN TO BURN: Relatively clean, the cleanest burning Pine


LENGTH OF BURN: Medium burning, burns longer than Juniper


HEAT OUTPUT: Medium BTU


AROMA: Subtle


CRACKLE/POP: Very slight


SMOKE: Slight to heavy


COAL BED: Medium Fair


EASE TO SPLIT: Not one of the hardest









  


RED GUM 
COMMON NAME: River Red Gum, Eucalyptus 
 LATIN NAME: E. camaldulensis   





 BRIEF DESCRIPTION: Red gum is so named for its brilliant red wood, which can range from a light pink through to almost black, depending on the age and weathering. It is somewhat brittle and is often cross-grained, making hand working difficult. Traditionly used in rot resistant applications. It is also popular for use as firewood. Planted in the Western US for railroad ties in the late 1880's.The wood makes fine charcoal. It is one of the cleanest and longest burning hardwood types, equal to the best of the Oak types, much longer burning than Mesquite.


MAIN USES: Fireplaces, heating


EASE OF LIGHTING: Medium to difficult, should be used with a softer wood.


CLEAN TO HANDLE: Very clean


CLEAN TO BURN: Very clean


LENGTH OF BURN: Super long a very slow burning hardwood


HEAT OUTPUT: High BTU


AROMA: Subtle


CRACKLE/POP: None


SMOKE: Slight to none


COAL BED: Very good


EASE TO SPLIT: only with the right machine, impossible by hand



Web Hosting Companies